Are young couples really being shut out of the Australian dream?

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  • The media this morning reported that research shows the majority of young families are now renting or living with their parents. The Australian reported, “soaring house prices have robbed couples under the age of 40 the Australian dream…”

    But is this an Australia-wide phenomenon, or is it more localised?

    Trilogy Funds’ Executive Chairman, Rodger Bacon points out that there are several notable points about the current property boom, but one important fact is often ignored.

    “As a result of two decades of property price growth we now live in not one Australian market, but many disparate markets. These markets aren’t just geographically unique, they also are at varying positions in the property cycle.”

    “When people talk generally about Australia being one of the most expensive, overpriced property markets in the world, they are often talking about only two of these markets – inner-Sydney and inner-Melbourne,” he said.

    Location Median house price (what period) % change December quarter to march quarter 2017 % change March quarter 2016 to March quarter 2017
    Sydney $900,000 3 14.4
    Melbourne $650,000 3.1 13.4
    Brisbane $505,000 0 3.5
    Adelaide $455,000 1.5 5
    Perth $510,000 -1 -3.5
    Hobart $385,000 3.4 11.3
    Darwin $530,000 -.09 -5.9
    Canberra $662,000 2.8 8.9

     

    Source: ABS Residential Property Price Indexes: Eight Capital Cities, March 2017

    While there has always been a disparity in the average property price around the country, over the past decade, the boom that appears to be exclusive to Sydney and Melbourne has been fuelled by investor activity.

    This activity has presented the government with a conundrum: populist policies like negative gearing have fuelled the property investment boom in our biggest markets, while at the same time the government has been under pressure to reduce investor competition to allow first home buyers to get on the property ladder – all without reducing prices.

    This hasn’t been a problem solely for the government.  The Reserve Bank has also been under pressure to slow the rapid price growth in Sydney and Melbourne all the while without having a negative impact on Australia’s steadier markets.

    Since March 2017, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has introduced greater restrictions on investment loans, in an attempt to balance out the market.  While the value of all dwelling commitments rose by 1.3% to just over $33 billion during the month of May 2017, this remarkably included both a 2.9% increase in the value of home loan approvals for owner-occupied housing and a 1.4% decrease for the value of investment loans.

    Fortunately – or unfortunately, depending on where you sit on the property ladder – loan approval figures don’t tell the whole story.

    Mr Bacon concluded that, “APRA regulations may go some way to reducing the number of Australian investors using debt to secure property, but it will have little impact on overseas investors or those who don’t require a loan. Only time will tell if these changes have the desired effect.”

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